The deputy prime minister of Spain responsible for the ecological transition describes the experience there of making ‘just transition’ a reality.
Teresa Ribera is deputy prime minister for the ecological transition and the demographic challenge in Spain, having already been minister for the ecological transition in 2018-20. From 2014 to 2018 she was director of the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI), enabling it to play a key role in the negotiation of the Paris agreement. She previously served as secretary of state for climate change from 2008 to 2011. She has also taught at the Autonomous University of Madrid.